France, with the help of the French Judo Federation and Associated Disciplines will present all technical, human and materials sources to ensure the sleek running of this College European Championship. 10 Ms Deliège requested the Tribunal de Première Occasion, Namur, to make an interim order directing the LFJ and the LBJ to finish all the required formalities for her participation in the Paris Event and that the Courtroom of Justice be requested to present a preliminary ruling on the query of the possible illegality of the foundations laid down by the EJU relating to the restricted variety of athletes from each national federation and the authorisations issued by the federations for participation in individual Class A tournaments, having regard to Articles fifty nine, 60, 66, 85 and 86 of the Treaty. By a writ of 9 February 1996, Ms Deliège sought to have the EJU joined as a celebration to the proceedings and asked the court to order all Class A match organisers to just accept on a provisional basis any registration on her half, whether or not she had been selected by her national federation.
36 However, in so far as the query submitted relates to competition rules relevant to undertakings, the Court doesn’t contemplate that it has enough data to allow it to present any steerage as to definition of the relevant market or markets involved in the primary proceedings. The judgment making the reference likewise does not clearly disclose the character and the variety of the undertakings operating within the mentioned market or markets. Moreover, the knowledge supplied by the nationwide court does not enable the Court to present an knowledgeable ruling as to the existence and extent of trade between Member States or as to the potential for such trade being affected by the rules for the selection of judokas.
A rule requiring professional or semi-professional athletes or persons aspiring to participate in knowledgeable or semi-professional activity to have been authorised or selected by their federation so as to have the ability to participate in a high-level international sports competition, which does not contain national teams competing in opposition to one another, doesn’t in itself, as long as it derives from a need inherent within the organisation of such a competition, represent a restriction on the liberty to supply services prohibited by Article 59 of the EC Treaty (now, after modification, Article 49 EC).
6. Sports activities rules requiring skilled or semi-professional athletes or individuals aspiring to participate in an expert or semi-professional activity to have been authorised or chosen by their federation in order to be able to take part in a excessive-degree worldwide sports competitors, which doesn’t contain nationwide teams competing towards one another, does not in itself, as long as it derives from a need inherent within the organisation of such a contest, constitute a restriction on the liberty to supply providers prohibited by Article 59 of the Treaty (now, after modification, Article 49 EC).
Conclusions: Weight division (center) and fight end result (losing) are vital danger factors for harm. The IIR in elite adult judo competition is decrease than that in taekwondo and karate. Future analysis is encouraged to investigate the actual severity of judo injuries, and to research probably modifiable danger factors to mitigate the chance of injury in judo.