Judo (柔道, jūdō, meaning “gentle way”) was created as a bodily, psychological and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎). Whether or not rules requiring skilled or semi-professional sportsmen or persons aspiring to such status to have been authorised or chosen by their national federation so as to have the ability to compete in a world competitors and laying down national entry quotas for related competitions are opposite to the Treaty of Rome, specifically Articles 59 to sixty six and Articles 85 and 86.
sixty nine The reply to the questions submitted must therefore be that a rule requiring professional or semi-professional athletes or individuals aspiring to take part in an expert or semi-professional activity to have been authorised or chosen by their federation in order to be able to take part in a high-level worldwide sports activities competition, which doesn’t contain national teams competing towards one another, does not in itself, as long as it derives from a necessity inherent in the organisation of such a contest, constitute a restriction on the liberty to offer services prohibited by Article fifty nine of the Treaty.
forty nine In view of the foregoing issues and the conflicting views expressed earlier than the Court, it is important to verify whether or not an exercise of the type engaged in by Ms Deliège is able to constituting an economic activity throughout the that means of Article 2 of the Treaty and more significantly, the supply of services throughout the which means of Article fifty nine of that Treaty.
fifty nine It’s for the nationwide court docket to determine, on the idea of these criteria of interpretation, whether Ms Deliège’s sporting activities, and in particular her participation in international tournaments, constitutes an economic exercise within the which means of Article 2 … Read the rest