Judo (柔道, jūdō, which means “mild way”) was created as a physical, mental and ethical pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎). 6 Ms Deliège has practised judo since 1983 and, since 1987, has achieved excellent ends in the under-52 kg category, having been declared Belgian champion on several events, European champion as soon as and below-19 world champion once, as well as winning and being highly positioned in worldwide tournaments. The parties to the primary proceedings disagree as to Ms Deliège’s status: she claims to practise judo professionally or semi-professionally whilst the LBJ and the LFJ contend that judo is a sport which, in Europe and in Belgium in particular, is practised by amateurs.
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46 In that regard, you will need to notice that the mere proven fact that a sports activities affiliation or federation unilaterally classifies its members as newbie athletes does not in itself imply that those members don’t engage in economic actions within the meaning of Article 2 of the Treaty.
9 The occasions immediately giving rise to the primary proceedings concern participation within the Paris Category A Worldwide Tournament of 10 and eleven February 1996. As a result of the LBJ had chosen two other athletes who, in Ms Deliège’s view, had achieved much less excellent results than her personal, on 26 January 1996 Ms Deliège made an software for interim measures to the Tribunal de Première Instance, Namur.
7 Ms Deliège maintains that, since 1992, the officers of the LFJ and the LBJ have improperly frustrated her profession improvement. She complains in particular that she was prevented from collaborating in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, that she was not selected for the 1993 World Championships or for the European Championships in 1994. In March 1995 Ms Deliège was knowledgeable that she had not been pre-chosen for the Atlanta Olympics. In April 1995, when preparing for participation within the European Championships to be held in May, she was excluded from the Belgian group in favour of an athlete affiliated to the VJF. In December 1995 she was prevented from participating in the Basel Class A Worldwide Match.