Judo (柔道, jūdō, meaning “mild manner”) was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎). 2. Having regard to the objectives of the Group, sport is subject to Group law solely in so far as it constitutes an economic activity within the meaning of Article 2 of the Treaty (now, after amendment, Article 2 EC). That applies to the professional or semi-skilled activity of judokas, supplied that they are working as employed persons or providing providers for remuneration and that the activity is genuine and effective and never such as to be regarded as purely marginal and ancillary.
Within the United States, it is simple to take the widespread acceptance of mixed martial arts as a right. (Properly, unless you’re a New Yorker … however that is another story.) That acceptance hasn’t spread internationally yet, and the sport nonetheless faces an uphill battle, even within communities of martial artists.
Whether or not it is contrary to the Treaty of Rome, in particular Articles 59, 85 and 86 of the Treaty, to require professional or semi-skilled athletes or persons aspiring to skilled or semi-professional activity to be authorised by their federation so as to be able to compete in a global competitors which does not contain national groups competing in opposition to one another.
6. Sports rules requiring skilled or semi-skilled athletes or individuals aspiring to take part in a professional or semi-professional exercise to have been authorised or selected by their federation so as to have the ability to take part in a high-degree worldwide sports competitors, which doesn’t contain national teams competing against each other, doesn’t in itself, as long as it derives from a necessity inherent within the organisation of such a contest, represent a restriction on the liberty to … Read the rest